Favorite

Reynolds Gallery's "Great Prints" live up to their name. 

An Apt Title

More than a dozen meanings are ascribed, per the dictionary, to the word "great." From the archaic term for pregnancy to designating one generation removed (great granddaughter) to simply very large in size, "great" encompasses a multitude of meanings and connotations. "Great" has been applied to historical moments (Great Depression), people (Alexander the Great) and geography (Great Britain). The word often conjures up a type of egotistical meaning, a designation proclaiming a person, place, or time as eminent, grand and superior.

It is with some trepidation then that I approached the current exhibition at Reynolds Gallery, succinctly titled "Great Prints." Fortunately, my "great expectations" were not crushed. This is indeed a noteworthy exhibition of master prints by some of the most important artists of the 20th century: Robert Rauschenberg, Roy Lichtenstein, Lucian Freud, Jim Dine, Sol Lewitt and Chuck Close, to name a few. Regardless of the name-dropping, the prints clearly speak for themselves.

First, a quick refresher on what prints and printmaking is all about. Prints, or pictorial images inked onto paper, were created as long ago as 100 A.D. in China. Printmaking flourished in Europe from the 15th century onward and from that time has been considered one of the fine arts.

The two common methods of printing are relief and intaglio. In relief works, the material employed, woodblock for example, is cut away so that the desired image remains as a printing surface. Intaglio printing is the opposite, in that the image is cut into the surface, a metal plate say, with tools or acid. In both processes, ink is applied to the surface and transferred to paper. Aquatints, drypoint, lithography, screen printing, and monotypes — these are all further variations of the printing process. It is key that the artist think through and understand the discrete steps of the printmaking process in formulating his art.

A key benefit for dealers and buyers alike is that identical images can be made from one plate, making works more readily available and obtainable. There is not a single unique object, but perhaps as many as 75 images from one plate.

It is important to bear the complexity of the printing process in mind when viewing the prints at Reynolds Gallery. Take Roy Lichtenstein's 1990 "The Living Room." The work has all the signature Lichtenstein elements: screenprinting, Benday dots, primary colors, 1960s pop culture, but, in addition, he has employed woodcut printing. This is evident in passages of the work where there is a raspy quality where the ink did not fill in completely — quite a difference from his typical polished, slick graphic style.

Lucian Freud, the grandson of the famous psychoanalyst, is known for his technical precision and talent for representing the human figure in paint. His "Ali" (1999) demonstrates the artist's etching skills as equally competent. Ali's face is built up with hatch and crosshatch marks that swirl in patterns, like fingerprints, to model his face. His large, bumpy nose projects from the surface through the density and quality of the marks that Freud is capable of achieving.

One of the most fascinating and utterly beautiful works in the show is Yukinori Yanagi's "Wandering Position." Yanagi, a native of Japan, relies on the ant to assist him in his printmaking process. An ant is placed within a boxlike frame and wanders about while the artist follows closely behind with chalk or pencil. He then creates etchings of the ant trails using red ink printed on a type of rice paper. The results are exquisite squares, rectangles, and trapezoids, filled in with the random wanderings that float on the space of the paper. Formally, there consists an interplay of the arbitrary curving path of the ant constricted within the straight geometric shape of the box. A colleague of mine understands the ant as a metaphor for the Japanese citizen, working tediously and endlessly within the strict confines of societal boundaries.

This is only a brief skimming of the current works at Reynolds Gallery. There are 26 in all — an impressive accumulation of some of the most significant artists' prints of this century. As we stand on the brink of a new century of art, looking at the prints of this century's artists offers one fulfilling and affirming method of celebrating what made the 20th century
Favorite

Comments

Subscribe to this thread:

Add a comment

  • Re: Kim Gray Wants to Hit the Pause Button on the Monument Avenue Commission

    • Yes, Kim. Someone finally capable of thinking this issue through. No knee jerk reaction. No…

    • on August 19, 2017
  • Re: Norfolk Mayor Wants to Move Confederate Monument; Protests Planned Downtown

    • I guess so. When you have an AG sitting there like a block of wood…

    • on August 19, 2017
  • Re: Virginia Gov. Terry McAuliffe: "Take Down These Monuments."

    • What's that loud flushing sound? Governor McAuliffe's political career. Going, going, GONE. Leave the statues…

    • on August 19, 2017
  • More »
  • Latest in Miscellany

    Copyright © 2017 Style Weekly
    Richmond's alternative for news, arts, culture and opinion
    All rights reserved
    Powered by Foundation